[Letters] U.S. fear of Islamists thwarts Egypt democracyThere is an irrational fear in the U.S. that Egypt’s move toward democracy will be hijacked by the Muslim Brotherhood or another group that might prove unfriendly to American interests. But from the very beginning, the uprising across Egypt has been democratic, not ideological. There is no real danger that the revolution will be just the opening that Islamists need to take control.
Events in Egypt have been unfolding at a fast pace, while the international community has been slow to respond. The scale of the protests caught the United States off guard and officials in Washington have been struggling to define a consistent policy ever since. The Obama administration has changed its position so many times in the last few weeks that it has damaged its credibility and made it hard for people in and out of Egypt to understand what the U.S. actually wants.
There seems to be a concern - now that President Hosni Mubarak has resigned- that chaos will ensue and the Muslim Brotherhood could emerge as the biggest winner. But Egypt’s state structure is strong enough to withstand Mubarak’s ouster and there is no reason to think the protests will turn violent again.
Western governments too often are preoccupied with irrelevant issues, notably the supposed Islamist threat. This isn’t what the protests are about. The Muslim Brotherhood didn’t mobilize the massive crowds that are now capturing the imagination of Arab reformers. The demonstrators are largely made up of the silent majority: people who are demanding political rights and democracy. This is exactly what the West needs to support.
With this in mind, the international community should be working to define what a peaceful transition to democracy should look like in Egypt and push for this to happen. Instead of fixating on Mubarak or the Islamists, officials in Washington need to consistently support political change.
And the best road to democracy is already known. I am a member of the so-called Committee of Wise Men - a group of businessmen, legal experts and intellectuals. We recommend a set of specific changes and have met with young protesters as well as Vice President Omar Suleiman and Prime Minister Ahmed Shafik in the past week.
Mubarak needs to hand power over to Suleiman as a transitional measure. Parliament, the result of illegitimate elections at the end of last year, needs to be dissolved and a constitutional assembly of independent legal experts should oversee amendments that will reshape Egyptian politics.
The emergency law that extends police powers and suspends constitutional rights must be terminated. Finally, parliamentary and presidential elections should be held in six months.
There is a real fear among Egyptians that the existing establishment will arrest any movement toward true democracy and reconsolidate its absolute power. This is what Washington needs to worry about. Mubarak tried to do just enough to hang on to power. By dividing the opposition through minor concessions, the regime hoped to bide enough time to outlast the protesters and avoid serious change.
Washington needs to be on democracy’s side. It is an historic moment in Egypt and the almost three decades of uninterrupted rule has come to an end. The United States has a clear opportunity to help ensure that this is the beginning of Egypt’s move to democracy - but it can’t be sidetracked by illogical concerns about the strength of the Muslim Brotherhood.
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Amr Hamzawy, research director at the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut.