Funeral company favored by police mysteriously goes dark
The company used to be one of the top ten funeral service companies in the nation, out of more than 200. The company was selected as the winner of the “consumer satisfaction evaluation for funeral service companies” by the Korea Consumer Agency in 2009.
But its customers, seeking ways to receive reimbursements, are having trouble reaching the company, unable to connect either by phone or online. Before closing down the site, Kookmin Sangjo simply posted an announcement that read, “As of July 5, 2016, Kookmin Sangjo is closing down due to difficulties in management.” It did not include information about reimbursements or follow-up measures.
Many of its customers are serving and former police officers. In 2005, the Korea National Police Veterans Association, an association for retired police officers, signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with Kookmin Sangjo, encouraging retirees and serving police officers to become customers of the company. Over 30,000 customers of Kookmin Sangjo are estimated to be police officers, but according to an employee of the company, that number may be even higher.
According to the Installment Transactions Act, funeral service companies that receive payments on installments must deposit 50 percent with a bank or a mutual aid cooperative. The cooperative uses this money to recompense customers 50 percent of their payment when a company goes bankrupt or shuts down. Out of the two mutual aid cooperatives for funeral service companies, Korea Mutual Aid Cooperative Association (Kmaca) and Korea Sangjo Mutual Aid Cooperative (Ksmac), Kookmin Sangjo was enrolled in Kmaca.
Having received 94 billion won ($84 million) in advance, Kookmin Sangjo should reimburse 47 billion won, but the deposit it made to the Kmaca proved to be around only 9 billion won, the rest of which is to be made up by the Kmaca.
Unfortunately, mutual aid cooperatives are also going through hard times. With more than 60 funeral service companies shutting down in the past two years, the cooperatives are having trouble making up for the deficit of each company.
“Many people think mutual aid cooperatives are able to cover the deficits, but in reality, the cooperatives themselves are not doing well, either,” a funeral service company official said under the condition of anonymity. “Of course, above all, the funeral service companies are to blame for not paying the deposits properly, but it is also the cooperatives’ fault for poor regulation of their companies and shady management of funds.”
“There are also cases of mutual aid cooperatives easing the deposit burden to recruit more member companies,” said Kim Yeon-jin, a team manager of the Korea National Council of Consumer Organizations. “It is the responsibility of the Korea Fair Trade Commission (KFTC) to oversee such actions and regulate them.”
According to the data submitted to the National Policy Committee during the parliamentary audit last year, out of the companies’ advances received, the Kmaca had received 9.3 percent and the Ksmac had received 17.8 percent. This is not even close to the prescribed deposit of 50 percent. With the mutual aid cooperatives seemingly incapable of fulfilling their core responsibilities, chances are that customers may not be able to receive half, let alone most, of the payments they had made.
The industry itself is also becoming unstable. According to KFTC, the number of funeral service companies dropped to 220 last year from 290 in 2013. The biggest funeral service companies in Ulsan and Gangwon Province, Donga Sangjo and AS Sangjo, shut down last year, with some of their customers still left uncompensated.
“The industry is becoming more and more competitive, and some companies are showing lax ethical standards, involved in embezzlement and breach of duty,” said an official of the Installment Transactions Division at the KFTC. “We are frequently conducting on-the-spot inspections to oversee if deposits of advanced payments are properly made.”
Some companies even falsely report the number of their customers in order to reduce the amount of deposits that have to be made.
In order to set up measures for damage, the KFTC revised a bill on July 29, making it an obligation for funeral service companies to send their customers statements on prepaid expenses, and to submit the details to the KFTC at least once every year. In the event of falsification, companies may be fined 3 to 5 million won.
BY KO SUNG-PYO [firstname.lastname@example.org]
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