Japan recalls ambassador and suspends talks to protest Busan ‘comfort woman’ statue
The Japanese government said Friday it ordered the temporary recall of Japanese Ambassador to Korea Yasumasa Nagamine and Yasuhiro Morimoto, consul general in Busan. The announcement was made by Chief cabinet secretary Yoshihide Suga after a cabinet meeting in the morning.
“We have strongly demanded the Korean government to take a proper action concerning the statue issue, but no improvement was made,” he said.
A bronze statue of a young girl in hanbok seated on a bench, similar to the Peace Monument across from the Japanese Embassy in central Seoul, was installed on Dec. 28 near the back gate of the Japanese consulate in Busan. The Dong District Office of Busan removed it, but allowed its reinstallation two days later after its operation was paralyzed by a flood of public complaints.
The installation of the statute, according to the civic group, the Committee of Youth for Erecting a Peace Monument, was meant to coincide with the first anniversary of the Dec. 28, 2015 agreement between Seoul and Tokyo to settle the issue of the Japanese military’s forced recruitment of Korean women into sexual slavery during World War II.
The deal was intended to end the long-running diplomatic battle over the “comfort women” issue by agreeing to a Japanese government apology and a multimillion-dollar fund for the victims. Korea later set up a foundation with Japan’s 1 billion yen (US$8.6 million) to support the victims.
While Seoul and Tokyo aimed to resolve the issue with the 2015 deal, surviving victims and the Korean public have expressed
dissatisfaction toward the arrangement.
“In the 2015 agreement, we confirmed that the settlement is final and irreversible,” Suga said, “but the new statue was erected, having an undesirable effect on the Japan-Korea relations.”
Japan also said it will postpone high-level economic cooperation talks with Korea. It also suspended talks on a new currency swap deal with Korea. Japanese diplomats of the consulate-general in Busan were also ordered to not attend any public events related to the city.
Suga said the Japanese government will continue to make strong demands to the Korean government and local authorities to remove the new statute as soon as possible. “Korea must respect the agreement faithfully, including the statute issue,” he said.
South Korea’s Foreign Ministry issued a statement to express strong regret over Japan’s measures. “We are extremely regretful about the Japanese cabinet’s decisions,” said Jo Jun-hyeok, spokesman of the ministry. “The government wants to emphasize once again that the bilateral relations must be developed continuously based on trust, although there are some issues between the two countries.”
Summoning the Korean ambassador in Tokyo to Japan’s Foreign Ministry to issue a protest would have been a normal diplomatic response, and Japan made an extraordinarily strong response by skipping the summons and recalling the ambassador and consul general, a foreign ministry official said.
“It is a measure with a strong diplomatic impact,” said a ministry official. “We didn’t expect them to go this far.”
After Japan's unusually harsh diplomatic response, Foreign Minister Yun Byung-se summoned Nagamine to express regret over Tokyo’s decision to temporarily recall the top diplomats. Yun urged the issue to be resolved through bilateral trust between the two countries.
The Ministry of Strategy and Finance also issued a statement to complain about Tokyo’s decision to suspend the currency swap talks. “It is regretful that the discussion was stopped due to political and diplomatic reasons,” it said.
Seoul and Tokyo started the bilateral currency swap program, worth $2 billion, in July 2001. The amount was increased to $70 billion in October 2011. The program, however, ended in February 2015 and never renewed due to the strained bilateral relations. Seoul and Washington agreed in August last year to resume the talks, but the discussion was terminated again due to the latest diplomatic row.
Tokyo also made additional diplomatic moves to pressure Seoul by using their mutual ally - the United States. According to the Japanese government, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe told U.S. Vice President Joe Biden in their telephone talks on Friday that it was important for Seoul and Tokyo to implement the agreement with responsibilities. “It is unconstructive to go back on the agreement,” Abe reportedly told Biden.
A senior Japanese official also made a demand to his Korean counterpart that the monument be removed. Japanese Vice Foreign Minister Shinsuke Sugiyama said he made the demand to Korean Vice Foreign Minister Lim Sung-nam during their talks ahead of the Korea-Japan-U.S. dialogue in Washington on Thursday.
After meeting with Lim, Sugiyama told reporters that most of the one-hour meeting was spent discussing the statue issue. The Korean Foreign Ministry, however, only said in a press release that the two sides discussed mutual concerns such as the faithful implementation of the 2015 agreement, without mentioning the statue issue.
Meanwhile, a local court in Seoul ruled Friday that the Foreign Ministry must make public some parts of the negotiation records on the 2015 agreement between Seoul and Tokyo to settle the comfort women issue. The Seoul Administrative Court ruled in favor of the Lawyers for Democracy and ordered the Foreign Ministry to make public three documents on the negotiation.
BY SER MYO-JA [firstname.lastname@example.org]