Export report adds to optimism as decline slows
Another set of economic indicators has been released showing that the worst may be over and the economy could bounce back in the third quarter.
While exports in July fell, they only declined in the single-digit range, breaking a long streak of double-digit drops.
According to the Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy on Saturday, exports last month fell 7 percent to $42.8 billion.
This comes after a minus 25.5 percent reading in April, negative 23.6 percent in May and a 10.9 percent decline in June.
The recovery of Korea's main trading partners--the United States, China and Europe--has helped slow the fall in exports.
Exports to the U.S. were particularly strong last month, up 7.7 percent.
Automobile exports to the U.S. grew 14.2 percent, while exports of semiconductors were up 83.6 percent.
Exports to China continued to grow, but at a slower pace. They were up 2.5 percent in July, compared with a 9.6 percent rise in June.
Exports to Europe declined for the fourth straight month, though the rate of the fall has slowed. They were down 11.1 percent. In June, exports to Europe fell 17 percent. In May, they were down 22.6 percent.
The ministry said automobile and computer exports to Europe helped slow the decline. Automobile exports to that market fell 10.4 percent in July, compared with a 13.1 percent drop in June.
Overall, exports of autos were down 4.2 percent, while exports of semiconductors rose 5.6 percent.
In July, imports fell 11.9 percent as imports of crude oil fell 41.5 percent. LNG imports fell 38.4 percent.
Korea reported a $4.27 billion trade surplus in July.
"Exports have been steadily improving since the full impact of Covid-19 started in April," Minister of Trade, Industry and Energy Sung Yun-mo said. "A single digit [decline] in July is meaningful."
With China, the U.S. and the EU taking half of Korea's exports, the July report was seen as hopeful.
"While one needs to be cautious in making a hasty conclusion, July's report is a positive signal," Sung added.
The relatively good export reading came just a day after Korea reported that industrial output, consumption and corporate investment were strong in June. President Moon Jae-in has said he is hoping for a rebound in the third quarter.
BY LEE HO-JEONG [firstname.lastname@example.org]
with the Korea JoongAng Daily
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