중앙데일리

퍼스트 래디

Sept 15,2007
‘퍼스트 레이디’라는 말을 만든 미국에서도 초기에는 여러 가지 표현을 썼다. 조지 워싱턴 대통령의 부인은 ‘레이디 워싱턴’으로, 존 애덤스 대통령의 부인은 ‘미세스 프레지던트’로 불렸다. ‘여왕폐하(Her Majesty)’ ‘여왕(Queen)’이나 프레지던트의 여성형인 ‘Presidentress’라는 신조어(新造語)까지 동원됐다. 퍼스트 레이디란 말을 처음 쓴 것은 1849년 재커리 테일러 대통령. 제임스 매디슨 대통령의 부인 돌리 매디슨의 장례식 조사(弔辭)에서다. 돌리는 홀아비인 토머스 제퍼슨 대통령 때부터 뒤이어 취임한 남편 매디슨의 임기까지 무려 16년간이나 퍼스트 레이디 역할을 했다.




내가 한 영작
The ⓐU.S., ⓑwhich is a country which coined the term First Lady, ⓒhad experimented with several other words before settling in ⓓto the term. The wife of ⓔformer President George Washington was called Lady Washington, for instance, and the wife of ⓕformer President John Adams was called Mrs. President. Other titles such as Her Majesty, Queen, or even a novel term, Presidentress ⓖwere hired, too. ⓗThe word First Lady was first used in 1849 during the presidency of Zachary Taylor, in a eulogy at the funeral of Dolley Madison, wife of ⓘformer President James Madison. ⓙDolley had been a first lady for 16 years from the time of Thomas Jefferson who was single untill ⓚthe end of her husband's period.





ⓐ U.S. → United States
ⓑ which is a country → the country which가 가깝게 두 번이나 나왔음 the country로 ‘United States’를 동격 수식 가능하므로 which is 생략. 미국이라는 정해진 국가를 얘기하고 있으므로 the로 수정
ⓒ had experimented → experimented 과거완료는 배경설명을 하는 느낌을 주어 ‘여러 가지 표현을 써본 상태였다’의 의미가 되어 어색함
ⓓ to the term → it ‘to’는 불필요함으로 삭제. 앞에 언급되었던 the term은 it으로 수장
ⓔⓕⓘ 영부인 얘기를 하고 있으므로 문맥상 파악가능한 former President 삭제
ⓖ were hired, too → were also tried too는 구어적이며 감정이 들어가서 ‘역시’의 느낌을 준다. ‘또한’을 뜻하는 also가 적합
ⓗ The word First Lady → “First lady”
ⓙ Dolley → She 앞에 언급된 이름이므로 중복을 피하기 위해 she로 수정
ⓚ the end of her husband's period → her husband became the succeeding president 정확한 내용으로 수정






After proofreading
The United States, the country which coined the term “first lady,” experimented with several other words before settling in it. The wife of George Washington was called Lady Washington, for instance, and the wife of John Adams was called Mrs. President. Other titles such as her majesty, queen or even a novel term, presidentress, were also tried. “First lady” was first used in 1849 during the presidency of Zachary Taylor, in a eulogy at the funeral of Dolley Madison, wife of James Madison. She had been a first lady for 16 years, from the time of Thomas Jefferson ― who was single ― until her husband became the succeeding president.




노무현 대통령은 지난 연말, 권양숙 여사가 신문 좀 보라고 하고 이틀에 한 번은 다툰다고 밝혔었다. 그런 권 여사가 이라크 파병과 평택 미군기지 이전, 한→미 자유무역협정(FTA) 반대운동에 앞장서 온 김정수씨를 제2부속실장으로 뽑았다. 권 여사도 야당 노릇을 하려는 것일까, 궁금하다.









내가 한 영작
President Roh Moo-hyun revealed that ⓐhis wife Mrs Gwon Yang-sook often advised him to read ⓑnewspaper and indeed he quarrelled with her every two days. ⓒThat Mrs. Gwon appointed Kim Jeong-soo, who ⓓhas been a leading opposition to dispatching troops to Iraq, moving the American troops ⓔbasement to Pyeongtaek, and ⓕmaking the Free Trade Agreement with ⓖthe U.S., to be her secretary. ⓗWe will see if she also joins the oppositions to President Roh's policies.





ⓐ his wife Mrs Gwon Yang-sook → his wife 내용상 불필요한 이름 삭제
ⓑ newspaper → the newspapers 종이조각으로서의 신문이 아니라, 출판물로서의 신문을 이야기 함으로 가산 명사로 사용해야 함
ⓒ That Mrs. Gwon → She 앞에 언급된 사람과 동일 인물이므로 she로 수정
ⓓ has been a leading opposition to → has opposed 간략한 표현으로 수정
ⓔ basement → base 군사 기지를 말할 때에는 base가 옳은 표현. ‘basement’는 지하실을 뜻함
ⓕ making the Free Trade Agreement → the free trade agreement 어색한 making을 삭제해도 and로 opposition to dispatching과 연결 가능. 약자로 FTA로 쓰지만 약자가 아닌 경우 소문자로
ⓖ the U.S. → the United States
ⓗ We will see if she also joins the oppositions to President Roh's policies → We are curious what our first lady is trying to do 한국어 중심의 표현에서 의미 중심의 자연스러운 영어 표현으로 수정




After proofreading
President Roh Moo-hyun revealed that his wife often advised him to read the newspapers and indeed he quarrelled with her every two days. She appointed Kim Jeong-soo, who has opposed dispatching troops to Iraq, moving the American troops base to Pyeongtaek and the free trade agreement with the United States, to be her secretary. We are curious what our first lady is trying to do.



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